Yes, you can travel Japan without a Car

As ludicrous as the title may sound, hear me out; Japan has an extensive and very efficient Public Transport network ready and available to use for the busy general public, and it is well adjusted for tourists!
I have been to Japan twice now; in 2017 I stayed for 4 weeks, getting a feel for the place whilst my sister handled most of the travelling requirements for me (buying tickets, getting my travel card). I was quite overwhelmed by how convenient everything was, and so I decided to travel again and visit places on my own as well as with my sister. In 2018 I bit the bullet and spent my savings on a whopping 3 month adventure around Japan, using nothing but public transport where I could, and the occasional lift from a friend of my sisters.

First thing to put on the table; I don't drive a car, but I do ride a motorcycle, and you can hire mopeds and other bikes in Japan as well, but I chose not to. And here is why: Public Transport in Japan is very convenient.


TRAVELLING JAPAN


First things first; the Essentials

I know, I should probably just get right into travelling without a car, but first I want to share a handful of things most tourists don't even consider when they decide to visit Japan.
Number one; get a coin-purse. I understand for the men out there how degrading that may sound, but trust me, when you hand over a 1000¥ (yen) bill for a 300 yen Onigiri at 7/11 you will get your change in as many coins as the cashier can possibly give you. Okay that sounded extreme, but you will get a lot of coins and they will start to make your pockets heavy, and even tear the lining. You can get some gender-neutral coin-purses easily from many stores in Japan, but I recommend Tokyu Hands for almost everything, including this.
Second; get a Suica Card. I will go into more detail about this later, it's just here for a checklist.
Third; get a WiFi box or SIM Card. You will find yourself relying on Google Maps a lot when getting around, and while there are plenty of free WiFi spots in cafes they are not always reliable. When you land at Haneda Airport and leave the arrivals gate you will see a Toilets to your left, and several stores selling SIM Cards and WiFi boxes to rent on your right. The WiFi box is easier to use and doesn't require your phone to be unlocked, but if you are forgetful like me you will likely forget to return the box to the store you got it from. The SIM cards you don't have to return, and they expire after their time period is up or if the data allowance is used; I got a SIM card for 90 days with 10GB usage for 7000¥ ($70, about £50), and while I didn't use all the data during my 3 month stay, it was better to have it when I really needed it than to risk using just free WiFi.

Now that's done, onto the travelling!

Parking and Traffic: The headaches of using a Car

I know what you're thinking though, "if the signs in the stations are in English, doesn't that mean the road-signs will be as well?" of-course, you are right, all the road-signs in the major cities and Expressway are displayed in Japanese and English, but give me a few moments to explain how I got around Japan without the burden of renting a car.
So, what's the parking like? How does it work? Is it expensive? Well, there are several different types of car park; from the standard mall parking blocks, to street parking, and then there's what I like to call the "curbing your car" system (this one is the most common). The curb your car system has you park in a spot like a typical "Pay and display" lot, but instead of putting a ticket on your window, a ramp lifts up under your car, this ramp stops the back wheels from passing over until you pay to have the device lowered.
No matter what system you use, you're looking at quite a steep price to park your car for even one hour. My sister and I went to Kobe one day to try the famous Wagyu Beef, and a friend of hers came by in his car to meet us (we used the train). After the meal I offered to pay for parking, and I paid 1000¥, roughly $10 or £7, for 40 minutes. (Ouch!) Second to the price is finding a space at all; space is precious in Japan, there is little room for a parking lot which Americans, and even us Brits, might be use to. Parking your car for a day out is one thing, but parking your car for the night while you stay at a hotel? That can be pricey as well; many hotels don't even have car parks!

View of Kobe at night, at Harbourland

Parking is just the start of why using a Car in Japan just isn't worth it; the Expressway is not free either! For those who aren't aware; Japan's Motorway/Highway was developed by a private company, and as such you pick up a ticket from the toll station when you enter the Expressway, and then pay when you pass through the toll station on the other side. If you are travelling in a large group you can spread the cost of the Expressway between your party, but this is the only time using the Expressway would be considered cheaper than using Trains or Busses. Expressways still have a legal speed limit that is significantly lower than those found in the similar systems found in the USA and the UK, so perhaps it might be worth spending that bit extra on a Shinkanzen ticket.
Ah yes, speeding. This is a no-brainer, but if you get pulled over by the police in Japan for speeding you won't just get a slap on the wrist like in the UK; the police are very strict when it comes to road safety in Japan, so you need to be on your best behaviour at all times on the road. You may notice however that the locals can drive a little bit to the extreme; remember that mother from Ponyo and how she drove her car? I and many others can confirm that her driving is authentic, and can be just a tad bit intimidating. If you don't consider yourself a very confident driver, then you most definitely need to avoid renting a car in Japan.
However, in some rare cases I would see the benefits of a car in Japan; rural villages high up in the mountains don't have regular bus services to reach them, making them less accessible to those who would like to see the real Japan without a car. Areas like Mount Fuji, whilst having a great rail network to reach Fuji Highland Resort, doesn't have any ease of access to the mountain base for aspiring climbers; you will need to use one of the hourly coaches to get to the foot of the mountain, or use a car. These are the only times were I say a car would be better to be used.


Don't mess around with Tickets: Get a Suica Card!

Okay, so the car is not recommended, but what is? Well I used Buses, Coaches and various Rails to get around Japan, and all of them were easy to use and required limited Japanese knowledge. If you are staying in a major city like Tokyo, Kyoto or Osaka then it's made easier with all the available English instructions, and there are more staff and locals who will be able to help you. Whenever my sister or I looked lost or confused in Kyoto a local was quick to come to our rescue, pointing us in the right direction, and trust me the Kyoto Station is probably the most confusing station you will visit in Japan. I've been to Kyoto three times now and whilst I am familiar with the area surrounding the station and what trains to catch, the problem is getting from one end of the station to the other. But I am straying from the topic here, let's get back on track.

Now, as many internationals land in Tokyo Haneda Airport, I strongly suggest you grab a JR Pass, Suica or Cocoa card; go to the nearby monorail/subway station in Haneda Airport to grab one of these cards from a ticket machine. These are like the Oyster Card we use in London for the Underground, but unlike the UK, Japan allows these cards to be used outside of their capital city! I didn't buy a Cocoa card as I was recommended a Suica by my sister, so I will only be referring to the Suica in this article.
A JR Pass grants you cheaper rail fares on all JR Trains. The Pass also works like a Suica so it is handy to have around for trains that don't take Suica, though mine worked on all train services perfectly fine whilst my sisters did not. My Suica card was brand new, so it may be that the Suica is being made more accessible. The card can be bought from any rail station in major cities, costing 2000¥ ($20, about £15), this covers 500 yen for the card itself, and then charges it 1500¥. You tap the card at the turnstiles when you enter and leave a station, don't worry if your card doesn't have enough when you try to leave; there are charging points inside the stations, usually by the turnstiles themselves, so you can top up the card without having to leave the station. You can use Suica cards on many bus services as well.

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They work on vending machines!

One thing you will notice right away is the abundance in vending machines around Japan, and as you enter the subway in Tokyo you will see plenty of them displaying a Suica card symbol on the ones inside the stations. If you need a drink but don't want to spend your coins, look for a vending machine with a card touch-reader like the ones you use to enter or leave the turnstiles with; tap your Suica onto the touch reader and pick your drink, the card will be charged so you don't have to use coins. This proved handy for me, as I liked to save my 100¥ coins for Gatcha machines and buying snacks from Convenience Stores.
Vending machines are found down almost every street and dispense all manner of drinks from coffee to soft drinks and water. If you travel in the summer this will be a life-saver, so always keep a few 100¥ coins in your pocket or coin purse.


Shinkanzen and the Japan Rail: Do's and Don'ts

Okay now I can explain a bit more about getting around the stations, buying tickets and a few "do's and don'ts". First, I'll start with the supposedly infamous ticket machines, though in all honesty I had no problems using them.
At all stations you have 2 types of ticket machine, they both have a colour of sorts around the label for quicker identification, but more often than not only the Shinkanzen machine label is coloured; if the ticket machine has a blue sign on it, or a blue border around the machine itself, then it is a Shinkanzen Ticket machine. JR Ticket machines usually are green, but remember that not all machines have coloured labels.

DO ask a ticket officer for help if you cannot find the right machine, or do not know which ticket to use in the turnstiles.
DON'T just buy a Shinkanzen ticket without double-checking the fees; you might end up buying a fare ticket but no seat, or buy a seat with no fare ticket!

Before buying your Shinkanzen ticket, make sure to think carefully about if you want/need a seat or not. When I travelled from Fukuyama to Hiroshima with my sister we didn't bother reserving a seat, since it was just a day trip, so we saved around 1000¥ that we could later spend in Hiroshima. ($10, roughly £7) When I returned from Okayama to Tokyo we made sure to buy seat reservations for the long haul back, and with the additional space you get inside the reserved section of the train it's a life-saver with all that extra luggage I was hauling back!

DO buy a seat reservation ticket if you are travelling more than one stop, especially if you have bad knees, have luggage, or are elderly or have small children.
DON'T waste the extra money for reserving a seat if you are on the train for 20 minutes or are getting off at the next stop.

Speaking of the extra fees for reserving a seat, it shouldn't be a surprise that you pay extra for Super Express Trains. This shouldn't be a problem, but if you are not careful when using your Suica card you can end up paying extra when boarding an Express JR train, as unlike the more common services these trains have ticket inspectors on them. You won't get fined if you use your Suica and board one, you just pay the inspector the additional fee, which can be very steep if you are travelling far.
I boarded an Express Train from Otsuki to Hachioji at a time Google Maps told me to, because I was in a hurry I didn't check if it was an Express or not. So the Suica fee for the trip was about 670¥, but I had to pay an extra 510¥ because it was an Express Train.

The Shinkanzen, or Bullet Train, lives up to its name.

Three different tickets, as examples. The Shinkanzen ticket is a Fare ticket only and was bought accidentally.

As you can see, only the Shinkanzen Ticket has English on it. It is still possible to understand what a ticket says even if you don't know how to read Kanji or Hiragana; apps on your phone are readily available and can be very accurate, and some can even be used Offline. I used an app called "Yomiwa" to help me with some Kanji that I couldn't read, but I still advise you learn the Kanji for the major cities you will be visiting as it makes locating the right train and boarding the right one much faster.

DO use your Suica or equivalent Rail Card wherever possible, as it saves time and money.
DON'T board the first train you see going to your destination, it might be an Express and cost you double the usual fare!

Kurashiki Bikan Historical Quarter is one of many beautiful traditional places hidden in south-west Japan.

Some smaller stations don't accept Suica cards, like Kiyone or Kurashiki just outside Okayama City. Tickets here are small and can have one of two backs to them; a black back goes through the turnstile as normal, a ticket with a white back won't work this way and needs to be handed to a Ticket Officer. The same rule applies if you choose to buy train tickets instead of using a Suica card or Rail Pass elsewhere in Japan; black back use the turnstile, white back use the ticket officer.

Now a few things to deal with Train Etiquette, or otherwise known as having good manners while using the Train. You can get in trouble if you are loud or disruptive, and I don't mean just the type of disruptive behaviour we are use to in Britain.

DO talk to your friends/family, but speak quietly. Many people sleep during their travels, including on the subway lines, so just be mindful of others.
DO send texts and play games on your phone with audio turned off, but avoid using your phone at all if the train is busy.
DO take a seat if one is empty, but give it up for someone else who may need it if the train gets full.
DON'T talk on your phone. This is rude, people don't want to hear your drama.
DON'T shout or bother people on the train. This is common sense.
DON'T use a Women-Only carriage if you are not a woman, even if the rest of the train is full.
DON'T fall asleep on the train with headphones on! You might miss your stop. Each station has a unique chime for when a train is approaching or about the leave, so keep your ears open if you plan on resting those eyes on the train.

Now that I have covered the basics for getting around Japan via rail, time to get onto some more fun stuff; Hotels, Things to Do and Places to Eat!

A jingle playing as the train approaches Ibara Station, Okayama Prefecture


THINGS TO DO


Collectors Beware: Gatcha are everywhere!

I only say beware because these machines are addictive, and you can end up spending a lot of money on them, but for those who want to find souvenirs without grabbing the stereotypical tick-tack, and are on a budget, a Gatcha dispenser can be a really great find.
Yes, these machines do exist in the UK, but they are vastly inferior to their Japanese counterparts when it comes to what they actually dispense.

My sister and I are big fans of Dragon Ball and we found most stores in Japan didn't sell much in the way of merchandise, it just isn't as popular as most westerners think it is over in its birth country! Gatcha machines though? Everywhere I went I managed to find at least one or more that dispensed something Dragon Ball related; I went to Japan with only one key-chain attached to my backpack, but when I came back I had 7, with 6 of them from Gatcha machines alone.

A whole street was filled with gatcha in Akihabara, Tokyo

There was always something I would want to bring home for a friend or family member as a gift from these things, because they can also have some very gimmicky and quirky things inside them, and there are entire stores full of nothing but these machines in Akihabara Electric City in Tokyo. Sometimes you will also find even corners of large retailers like Bic Camera have a place with up to 20 machines, and malls have them in small arcades or in the middle of a wide walkway. You are never far from a horde of Gatcha dispensers, and sometimes you will see just how oddly self-serving these machines can be.

It should come as no surprise that I am a Gatcha Addict, at least when it comes to the machines in Japan. So, as a memento, I bought a miniature Gatcha Machine...from a Gatcha Dispenser. Okay, I bought 3 (actually, 4. One is still in the pod.) they even dispense mini pods, some with little pictures inside resembling toys. I seriously recommend looking them over, you might be pleasantly surprised at what you find.

Gatcha Dispensers bought from a Gatcha Machine (Such meta, much wow)


Mario-Kart, Arcades and Theme Parks

Arcades in Japan are not like they are in the UK; Gambling in Japan is illegal, so your hard earned cash is spent on games like Taiko no Tatsujin: Drum 'n' Fun! which costs 100¥ for 3 tracks, earning you a bonus game should you do well! I highly recommend this game, it's a lot of fun and is fairly easy to learn, even for someone as nonrhythmic as myself!

Arcades tend to be found in Aeon malls and other shopping centres, but they are mainly filled with those dreaded claw machines along with a bunch of other claw-like grabber games that are just as difficult. What you need to look at is the SEGA Arcades, dotted around Tokyo and more often than not coloured bright red.

Each SEGA Arcade is around 8 floors with each one dedicated to one type of entertainment. One we visited had claw machines on the 1st and 2nd floor, then on floor 3 the music games like Taiko no Tatsujin were found, whilst the 4th and 5th floor housed traditional shooting and racing games. Then on floor 6 was online strategy and card games. The 7th floor was full of photo-booths and as far as we could tell the 8th floor was just a cafe.

Every SEGA Arcade we went to was like this, though each one had something different on one of the floors, like one of them had less shooting games and had gatcha instead. Toys, figures and even food are prizes found in the grabber machines, and some slot-machine games reward tokens which you use for prizes as well. But if you really want to get money back when you play, you might want to look into Pachinko parlours, as they found a loophole in the system; by taking a ticket with your winning tokens printed on it, you can go out of the Pachinko building and into a different one to cash it in for money, but the other prizes are quirky and fun, so why would you want to do that?

Arcades not your thing? Have a driving license? You can go join a Mario-kart tour around Tokyo! I didn't try this out as I cannot drive a car, but every time I have been to Tokyo I have seen these karts whizzing around, and it looks like a lot of fun.

Mario-Kart only seems to take place in Tokyo.

Still not quite enough? Head on over to one of the many Theme Parks dotted around Japan! My sister and I visited Universal Studios Japan, Osaka, to see the Harry Potter World and Jurassic Park Kingdom, and whilst we didn't go on many rides we still had a lot of fun.

I failed on many wand-related tasks, but managed this one just fine!

If you want something truly crazy and fun though, I highly recommend paying the Robot Restaurant a visit. Don't let the name fool you though, it's more of a show with drinks than a restaurant, though it does serve food. The performances inside differ through the year, we went and caught the Christmas show and it was a lot of fun! You can find the Robot Restaurant in Shinjuku, but it is around the red-light district so it might not be the best place to take your children.

Might be dark out, but at least you cannot miss the building with all those lights!

Some more family-friendly places though are found in Tokyo, in Ikebukoro Sunshine City mall are two places I was dying to see; J-World (Shonen Jump World) and the Pokemon Centre.

J-World caters to the fans of One-Piece, Dragon Ball and a handful of other manga published by Shonen Jump; it has exhibits with interactive photo spots, merchandise and games. It cost us around 1200¥ each for our visit.
The Pokemon Centre is just a huge shop for Pokemon fans of all ages; from cards and games, to bathroom and kitchen supplies. I always spend most of my gift budget in this store, and there are many found all over Japan, but the one in Tokyo is by far the largest.

If you're willing to travel at night in Tokyo, I also highly recommend visiting the life-sized Unicorn Gundam! I'm not much of a Gundam fan, but I do love giant robots, and this was a real delight to see!


Museums, Parks and Heritage Sites

Japan is full of wonderful things to see and do that are geeky or satisfy the cravings of the anime or manga addict, but now and again I like to take time out to learn more about the history and culture of the country.
I say this to absolutely everyone I meet who plans on going to Japan; visit Hiroshima, go to the Memorial Museum, and read the stories found at the Memorial Garden. Words cannot express how haunting seeing the Atomic Dome in person really is. The city itself is impressive and has a large amount of museums and reconstructed heritage sites that had been lost by the bomb drop.

#1 place for War History Museum goers is Hiroshima.

Tokyo Tower costs more than Skytree, but it is the oldest and most iconic tower.

If you want to learn more about Japan's history without going too far from Tokyo there is the Edo Museum, which has plenty of different sections to it covering lifestyle of ancient Japan, history of its economy, the Feudal Period, and even arts and crafts.
Information provided in the museum were in English, Japanese, Chinese and Korean. There were several Dutch-speaking tourists around when we visited, who were able to get audio-guides as well as tour-guides, so enjoying museums in Tokyo without knowing Japanese shouldn't be a problem. The Edo Museum doesn't just cater to pre-war Japan, it features many post-war Japan sections that was very interesting to see. The museum is very large and I would recommend spending a whole day to get the most out of it, though if you don't plan on reading everything in the museum you could get through it all in 2 hours.

If museums aren't your thing and you prefer landmarks, then obviously Tokyo Tower should be on your list. If you buy the Top Deck Tour ticket you get some history lessons on the way too, with audio-tape guidance in a wide variety of languages including English.

You can reach Arakura from Shimoyoshida station, aka the "Henry Station".

If you are willing to take 2 trains over 2 hours you can visit Mount Fuji without needing a car, but the closest you can get is at Fujikawaguchiko. Still, if you have children with you, there is a theme park nearby called Fuji Highland featuring rides and Thomas the Tank Engine themed trains and station signs, the station signs being themed this way made it easier for me to remember where I had come from and where I had already been, and needless to say I tried snapping pictures of each sign anyway because it was very unusual to see.

Whilst at Fuji you can head over to Arakura Pagoda and Park, which gives wonderful views of Fuji and the surrounding area. However, if you go in the winter don't expect Fuji-san to show up until mid to late morning. Most people might recognise Arakura from a TripAdvisor photograph taken during a clear morning in Spring; you can go see the exact spot the picture was taken and try snapping a similar shot yourself. I wasn't very lucky, the sky didn't clear until I had walked all the way back down to the station!

Iconic location at Arakura Pagoda, but Fuji is hidden by the early morning clouds.

Arakura is lovely, I visited in February, but I highly recommend going in spring or autumn, just to see the place in more colour and have less chance of cloudy weather. It gets very busy after 9AM as clouds start to clear and Fuji comes into view. It isn't clearly signposted from the station, but once you head in the right direction it does become clearer to see what direction you need to take. When you leave Shimoyoshida station turn right; there is a path you can take which then has signs to Arakura, the walk from the station to the foot of the stairs leading to the pagoda is about 10 minutes. There is a temple here as well, which sells charms and other fuji-themed objects that you can either use at the shrine or take home. People and signposts in the area are generally English friendly.
The park at Arakura is large and is home to various wildlife like Boars and even Bears! It's not advised to enter the park alone because of the risk of Bears.

Love wildlife and history but don't want to risk being mauled by a bear? Head over to Nara, just south of Kyoto!

Tōdai-ji temple is home to the largest Buddha statue in Japan

We had one whole day to visit Nara, but that turns out to be all that we needed. The famous
Tōdai-ji Temple was our main reason for visiting Nara as it was home to the largest Buddha Statue in Japan, and just a short train ride away from Kyoto and Kobe it made for a nice stop-over point in our journey.
Whether you love the old tales of Japan or are a Buddhist yourself, this Temple has more than just the statue inside of it. It houses miniature replicas of the grounds, and has a nearby museum full of old items that had been found in and around the temple.

Should the temple and museum not be to your liking, then there are numerous Pagoda to see, and there is always the Deer Park!

The deer at Nara are so docile they come up for petting, and you can even feed them special crackers bought from vendors!

After visiting Nara we went to Kobe, and whilst it is a far more modern city it still has plenty of interesting places to see, such as the Herb Gardens for the avid gardener or scent enthusiast (not too great for me as I have no sense of smell!) You can reach the gardens on foot, bike or using the cable cars which we went for, as a round trip using them cost 1,500¥ ($15, approx £10) yielding stellar views of the gardens and Kobe City.

View of Kobe from the Herb Gardens

A hidden shrine in Ibara-shi

Still, there just is no beating going out into rural Japan, or even a smaller town or village off the beaten track, and see what surprises it has tucked away! I stayed with my sister most of the time in Ibara-shi, Okayama, and went out exploring on my own. And whilst she said there wasn't much to see or do there, I begged to differ; everything was new, everything was exciting!

We had many adventures across Japan, but I simply cannot fit everything into this one article. More will come in the future...


HOTELS AND INNS


Hotels are not always cramped!

Fuji from a hotel room at Fuji Highland.

Contrary to popular belief; not everywhere in Japan requires you to be packed up tight like a tin of sardines!
Both times I went to Japan I stayed a large chunk of the time with my sister at her apartment, but when I did travel to places far from her home I didn't have to worry about being trapped in a box-like Capsule Hotel. Something else I worried about was paying a lot of money and getting a view of a brick wall outside my window. Thankfully this wasn't the case outside of Tokyo; each room came with a wonderful view, but the ones inside Tokyo often just faced a brick wall!

Western Hotel at Fuji Highland, that bed was so comfy!

Modern Japanese Hotel at Kyoto, I was ready for my lunch!

I stayed in regular Western Hotels, Japanese Hotels and even a Traditional Japanese Inn in Kyoto. All the rooms were surprisingly spacious, comfortable and affordable. The most expensive hotels I stayed at were in Tokyo, costing £100 a night on average. My stay at Kyoto alone was around £30 a night, so you can already see a huge advantage to not basing your whole holiday in Tokyo! Also, don't confine yourself to just Western or Modern hotels; try out a Traditional Inn at least once in your trip if you can, they usually cost less and are a nice change of pace to all the other hotels you might stay in.
Do take note though that many, if not all, Traditional Inns have shared bathroom facilities. If you are Transgender like I am this can be a little off-putting, but thankfully these sorts of Inns are quiet so there's always a good chance to sneak into the bathroom without anyone seeing or bothering you.

Traditional Japanese Inn in Kyoto, it was surprisingly comfortable!

If the hotel you are staying in has an Onsen (Hot Spring Bath) you may have to cover up your tattoos if you have any, or you might not be allowed to use them at all. It is always worth asking someone at the Hotel to avoid complications or embarrassment. If you are Transgender, well, I would advise giving the Onsen a miss until you have had all your surgeries if you plan on having them all, as again this would avoid a lot of embarrassing situations because Onsen are typically separated by gender AND require full public nudity.

If chilling in a Hot Spring sounds more hassle than it's worth, at least there are plenty of places to eat out and explore!


EATING OUT


Fast Food

My favourite; Melon Soda!

Now I, like many of you I imagine looking through this article, want to try local dishes and snacks rather than sticking to the comforts of home or popular chains like McDonald's, so seeing this title might be a bit off-putting. Don't be fooled though, Japanese Fast Food isn't always what you imagine; Sushi is not usually served in restaurants as a main dish, it is commonly referred to as food-on-the-go!

One thing to remember is that if you are allergic to shellfish or sesame seeds, then you might have to avoid certain foods or eateries. All traditional foods in japan contain traces of one or both allergens, so it is best to learn the kanji for items like shrimp (Ebi, ) and sesame seed (Gomashio, ごま塩) to help you identify the
allergens easier. Though most restaurants and fast food joints do have an English menu available, this is especially the case in Tokyo.

You will find home comforts such as Cola and Lemonade, but I highly suggest you take the plunge and try one of the more exotic drinks in these fast-food joints, namely the radioactive-looking Melon Soda! Once I got a taste for this drink, I stopped leaning to the classics wherever I could, sometimes though it isn't on the menu. This makes me sad, so very sad.
If you happen to enter a restaurant like Sukiya then you will find a pale brown iced drink given to you; this is barley water, so again if you are allergic to barley you might want to avoid drinking it.

One of my favourite places to eat is a place in Okayama Aeon mall called "Umi no homare" (海の穂まれ) that sells a rice-based dish called Donburi (). I had a different dish each time I went, but my personal favourites and recommendations are the Salmon Sashimi Selection and the Negitoro (ドネギトロ). Negitoro is made with different cuts of raw tuna, often the fatty parts that are scraped off the bone or aren't able to be presented nicely in the form of Sushi. In all honesty, regardless of how it might look and sound, it tastes incredible. I am having withdrawal from Negitoro since, in the UK at least, we just don't eat fish this way so it is not easy to find.

Salmon Sashimi Donburi

Negitoro Donburi

You might remember me mentioning Sukiya, well, it is possibly the most impressive "fast food" joint I have ever seen in my life. The food is served quickly and tastes wonderful, and the prices aren't steep either. I tried curry beef, Negitoro Don, Teriyaki Eel, Katsudon, Chicken Katsu Curry and a handful of other things there, but my sister recommended the cheesy beef Donburi to me once and I have to say, it became one of my favourites. Prices ranged from 400¥ to 800¥ depending on the dish you choose, its size and if you want any side-dishes or extra toppings. Usually I bought a medium-sized Set-Meal with Melon Soda which cost about 750¥ ($7.50, around £5.50). This meal would keep me full until dinner, and I would often have a very light Onigiri for dinner as a result, and my sister can vouch for me when I say this; my appetite is huge and is very difficult to satisfy, yet the Sukiya Set-Meals always left me full even though it does not look like much is in the bowl or plate.

The Cheesy Beef Donburi may not be served when you visit, Sukiya rotates its menu so you can try something different all-year round!

I could carry on all day about Sukiya, but there are countless other "Fast-Food" places to eat that I could recommend, such as "Mos Burger", "Kaitenzushi" and "Mister Donut". Mos Burger is like McDonalds, but they have thicker patties and taste much better, they also have more in the way of options for drinks such as Melon Soda. (I really love Melon Soda!) The prices for Mos Burger are a little higher than McDonalds, but the taste and different styles of burger on offer make it a nice alternative.
Next on my list is Mister Donut! This place originated in the USA (1954) but now is thriving in Japan and has its Headquarters stationed there too. It serves sweet and savoury foods, all themed around bread and pastries. They serve both hot and cold drinks as well. We went to a Mister Donut in Naha, Okinawa, and had ourselves a lovely Iced Latte with a sampling of Dough-Balls based on all the top flavours on offer for the donuts...plus a huge slab of bread with melted cheese or a fried egg on top. The bread in japan is cut in really thick slices! Anyway, I highly recommend giving Mister Donut a try, especially for breakfast!

Iced Latte, Egg/Cheese Toasted melts, and of-course the mini Donuts!

Okay, I said there was just 3, but really I must at least mention KFC in Japan; both times I visited was around Christmas, and instead of the usual family dinner spread we in the west associate with Christmas, Japan tends to see the holiday as a thing for couples, and these couples usually eat a special KFC meal. My sister and I didn't have any other options for our Christmas meals, so we gave it a try. The meal was very filling and tasted just like the KFC back home.

The meal came with a chocolate cake, assorted chicken and a commemorative plate!

Last on my list of "Fast Food" eateries is Kaitenzushi. This place is a conveyor-belt sushi restaurant where you sit at a bar and order food using a touchscreen, or wait and see what comes out on the conveyor belt. They can be large places to eat at or very cramped, my sister has eaten at a larger one than I have that had a little game you could play after finishing your meal; plates are priced by colour, and placing them into a counting machine would prompt a little game to appear on a nearby screen. Winning the game rewarded you with a small gatcha pod that had a keying inside of a miniature sushi dish. Unfortunately I never got to experience this myself, but it sure sounded fun!
I did eat at a very small version of Kaitenzushi in Nakano Broadway, and each dish was delicious and fairly priced. I placed an order for some sushi and expected it to appear on the conveyor belt, but it instead arrived on a mini-Shinkanzen!

When I took the food off the little train, I simply pressed the button on top of it to send it back to the kitchen. It was that easy! As for paying the bill, the staff noticed I was eating with another person (my sister) and asked if we wanted our bill merging as we both used individual touchscreens, which generates two bills. Again, like a lot of the country, it was all so convenient! Prices varied for the sushi, from 200¥ a plate to 800¥, so the price is around the same amount you'd pay at a Yo Sushi! here in the UK, only it's better because there is more variety and traditional sushi on offer.

That's all there is for fast food, next I will be mentioning quite possibly the best alternative to a fast-food joint; NOODLE BARS!

 


Noodle Bars: Learn to Love the Noodle!

I love noodles. I had to learn to love them really, from my days at University were I had little to no culinary skills to feed myself properly; every night I would have either a cup noodle, or an instant noodle packet. Sometimes I would have them twice a day...oh boy, I got fed up of them quickly though, but that was because they were missing something; FLAVOUR.

Kitsune Udon, Tokyo Tsuji Honten, Nara

If you were like me and lived on those cheap packets of instant noodles or the atrociously bad Pot Noodles then know this; you've been eating the wrong noodles. Get rid of those cheap 19p Instant Noodles, stop paying through the teeth for artificial flavoured garbage in a pot. You can have real noodles, easy and full of nutrients and flavour, with just a handful of ingredients and some patience. I will discuss replicating the dishes mentioned in here in another article, but for now I am sharing the ins-and-outs of the different types of noodle bar available in Japan.

First on the list are the Udon Noodles; these are thick Egg-based Noodles that can come in either a broth or sticky sauce, served with meat and/or vegetables but rarely both together. I've had Udon before in the UK at Wagamama's and it is a truly lovely noodle. It's thickness retains moisture but it never falls apart, and all the flavour of the broth just soaks up into each silky ribbon of noodle goodness. The Udon I had in Japan was limited as it is not commonly served like you might expect, so my first ever tasting of Udon outside the UK was in Nara. Just down the street from the Tōdai-ji Temple we found a busy Noodle Bar that served all kinds of Udon, but we wanted to try the rich flavours of Kitsune Udon (きつねうどん, Fox Noodles). This Udon is served with a fried slab of tofu in a sweet broth, with a slice of Narutomaki fish-cake (it has the taste and flavour of UK "Crab-sticks").
You can get Kitsune Udon anywhere in Japan as it is a traditional dish. We had ours at Tokyo Tsuji Honten (東京庵本店) located in Nara.

Salted-Port Ramen, Fukki Restaurant, Tokyo

Next on the list is the traditional favourite, and one anyone who is interested in Japanese food will be familiar with: RAMEN!

Ramen comes in a broth with meat, vegetables and garnish such as spring onions, beansprouts, water-chestnuts and even Eggs. There are so many different varieties of dishes when it comes to Ramen, I cannot list every single one, but I will mention two types that I had during my stay that have left a huge impression on me.

The image here is of a Salted-Pork-Bone Ramen. The broth is made slow-cooking a salted joint of pork meat still on the bone, with other ingredients added through the cooking process. Because of this process and the time it takes nearly all Ramen Bars open after 5PM, and this one we visited near Tokyo Tower both times I have been to adheres to this. To those who want to give this place a visit, it's called Fukki (復帰).
Ramen Bars usually use a Vending Machine to dispense tickets, which you give to the staff at the venue. Using Fukki as an example, we entered the bar and found a list of options to choose from. Pictures of the meals located above the various buttons made identifying what meal we had last time a lot easier, but they do provide English menus. When we identified the meal we wanted, we simply inserted our coins (around 800¥) pressed the button and gave the staff behind the bar our tickets, then took our seats. We only drank water but I believe if you want alcohol you have to order it at the bar. Your meal should arrive quickly to your table, and when you are done you just have to leave. Please note that you do not leave tips in Japan. No matter how much you might want to, this just causes confusion and makes it awkward for the staff. A simple bow and "thank you" (ありがとう ございます, Arigatōgozaimasu) when you leave will suffice.

Both times we visited Fukki with empty bellies and left completely stuffed, and sadly unable to finish the entire bowl. Ramen is extremely filling because you often consume a large quantity of the broth whilst eating the meal, which in a good Ramen should be nice and thick. This is one reason why Instant Noodles and the like are not very filling and lack flavour; they are missing the broth!

We went to Naha, Okinawa, and found plenty of Ramen bars just like Fukki, and sampled the local dish of Okinawa Pork Ramen! As you can see in the picture, the type of cut is different to usual pork Ramen, and resembles Belly Pork.
If Ramen and Udon is not your thing and you want to sample something a bit more "special" then you probably have been thinking about sampling the World Famous Wagyu Beef from Kobe...

Okinawa Pork Ramen, from Naha Kokusai Dori

The front of the Ramen Bar


Kobe Beef: The Most Expensive Meat in the World

Fillet and Sirloin Grade-A Beef

As mentioned in the earlier sections of this article, I went to Kobe with my sister and a friend of hers to taste the delicacy that is Kobe Beef. Now, before you decide to book yourself at any Kobe Restaurant, make sure to do some hefty research; a lot of places label themselves as selling Kobe Beef, but that is just Beef served in Kobe and is not Wagyu Beef, but it can often be slapped with a heavy price-tag anyway! You need to make sure the restaurant serves the right beef, and one way to make sure it is the right type is that the restaurant has a meat grade system on the menu.

The place we went to was called "Royal Mouriya". You can find it on the map below, and while it is expensive it is 100% authentic Wagyu Beef and is well worth the price.

 

Wagyu Beef has distinct marbling.

So how do you distinguish Wagyu Beef from a lesser cut labelled as Kobe Beef? Easy; it's down to the marbling of the fat. Now I know what comes to mind when you read "fat" in a typical meat restaurant, it is often associated with being rubbery and low quality, but this is not the case with the marbling in Wagyu Beef.
The fat makes the meat buttery, very delicate and soft; it literally melts in your mouth. The level of marbling determines the grade of the cut, with more marbling yielding a far tastier and succulent steak.

Typically Wagyu Beef is prepared on a Teppanyaki, which is a hot table that you sit in front of where you can see the chefs as they cook. Our meal came with a starter salad and soup, a tea or coffee after the meal was finished, and a selection of seasonings to choose from. Mouriya chefs spoke clear English and told us different combinations of seasoning to try with the beef for the best flavours; we had wasabi, garlic chips (toasted strips of garlic cloves), salt, pepper and two vinegar-like dipping sauces. A combination of lightly dipped salt and pepper with a garlic chip was heavenly. After eating all but one piece of the steak, we were advised to have our last strip of meat with just a dab of salt and pepper, as this would be the last flavour we would experience, and would linger the longest. It was supposed to linger in the mouth, but even 6 months later I can still remember exactly how the meat tasted, and salivate at the memory. Nothing on the cut was wasted either; the larger strips of fat were fried in a mixture of beansprouts and cabbage, seasoned with a dash of salt and pepper. Even the fried fat was delicious.

Outside the restaurant. Be sure to reserve a table.

Still, while each moment eating the delicious beef was worth the price, it has made me look at English Beef differently, and my pallet to beef has changed forever. I now look at super-lean steaks and instead of thinking about how high-quality it will be, I instead look at it and think "where is the marbling? Where is the flavour?" I still eat British Beef now and again, but it will never compare to Wagyu beef, or even the cheaper cuts of Beef I experienced in Japan. We need to stop looking at marbled fat in meat as a bad thing, as a sign of lesser quality. Large strips of fat can be a sign of poor living conditions, and overly lean meat can hide its toughness. A chunk of meat with thin marbling is the cut I usually look for these days, but it is a rarity here in the UK.

So should you decide to continue with sampling Kobe Beef be advised that it will change your views on fatty meat forever.


Shabu-shabu: The Perfect Group Meal

What is Shabu-Shabu (しゃぶしゃぶ) you ask? Why, it is a fabulous Japanese hotpot dish that consists of thinly sliced meats (Beef, Pork or Chicken), assorted vegetables and mushrooms, and dipping sauces. Typically the broth, called Dashi, (出汁, だし) is a type of soup or cooking stock, and is placed into a pot that remains on a low heat in the centre of a table. When the dashi comes to the boil the meat and vegetables are placed into the pot using a pair of cooking chopsticks. As the meat is so thinly sliced it takes around 10-15 seconds to cook in the dashi. A slotted spoon is often used to pull out very thin mushrooms and vegetables, and to extract some of the fatty oils that develop after a certain amount of meat has been cooked.
Most Shabu-Shabu restaurants operate under a "Tabehoudai" system (All You Can Eat, 食べ放題) though can also be found using the "Nomihoudai" system instead (All You Can Drink, 飲み放題). For example, the restaurant I ate at with my sister and her friends was a Tabehoudai; we paid a fixed rate each of about 2000¥ for 60 minutes. The only expense added to our bill was drinks excluding water, which was always available.
When we sat down a menu of different Dashi was given to us, and we decided to go for a split Dashi to try a sweet and a spicy one. The Dashi and pitcher of water was then brought to the table, with vegetables and three trays of beef. On our table was a touchscreen that allowed us to place orders of meat, noodles, vegetables, rice and even sushi. After placing the order the items were brought to us on trays that were easily stacked. The experience was fantastic; the atmosphere was very relaxed and it was easy to just have a meal together without waiting for individual dishes to arrive, and we all got to sample the same things. Anyone could pick up the cooking chopsticks, grab a slice of meat and just cook it.
There was 6 of us at the table, and we had around 12 trays of meat the entire time, which sounds like quite a lot! Remember though; the meat is thinly sliced, and while it tricks your brain into thinking you are eating a lot, you actually aren't consuming much meat at all. A majority of the meal is bulked out with mushrooms, veggies and the dashi itself. Shabu-Shabu is a great meal and experience I highly recommend for group outings, especially with a large group of friends.

A typical set-up for Shabushabu.


Snacks and Treats

Okinawa Omiyage (お土産)

Now I could fill this entire article with all the different treats and snacks I sampled throughout my stay, but that would take far too long and I may just have to make a separate article altogether for them, but for this one at least I will provide a few examples.
First I will mention Omiyage, this is a gift you give to colleagues.etc from the location you went to for a holiday. It's not like a souvenir, and to be honest I don't think I am knowledgeable enough to fully explain what Omiyage even is as I have never worked there before, but you can find plenty of articles about what Omiyage is online. However, I have eaten items that are labelled as Omiyage!

Selection of Marzipan-like treats eaten during New Year.

I sampled Omiyage from Okinawa mainly; they are often Mochi (餠, もち, a sweet rice-dough ball with a filling), Manju (饅頭, まんじゅう, which is like a firm mochi made with flour, with filling) or Tarts (like the Okinawa Omiyage pictured above).
The Okinawa sweet potato is bright purple and is called Beni-imo, it is very sweet and tastes wonderful both as a sweet and fried in tempura.

Generally Japanese sweets aren't super sugary and instead rely on their sweetness from fruits or other natural sweeteners. One such item is Azuki beans, which are reddish brown and are often found inside Mochi such as Daifuku (大福). Unlike what we may think in the west, Mochi is usually associated with the New Year, and while it can be eaten all year round it is more widely available during the days leading up to the New Year. The type of Mochi around New Year is also different, often made in more solid casings (textured like a Marzipan) that allow them to be more decorative. Mochi and sweets like it are an acquired taste and many Japanese people are frequently very surprised when they meet a westerner who loves Mochi or treats like them. (I love Azuki beans, and therefore Mochi!)

You can get cold coffee everywhere, including Vending Machines!

Tully's is like Starbucks...but better.

Now and again though you want something a bit close to home, like a coffee and a piece of cake, but you don't want to go all out on a pastry-fest at Mister Donut. Well Starbucks are readily available in Japan as you might expect, but give Starbucks a break for a bit...try out Tully's!

Tully's are a chain of coffee shops just like Starbucks, but both my sister and I agree that Tully's is the better of the two; it uses less milk and tastes just as sweet as a Starbucks, and costs less too! They serve sandwiches, cakes, cold drinks and light snacks. Better yet, you can get a cold Tully's coffee from vending machines and convenience stores like 7/11. Naturally the brand tries to use English on its products, often with amusing results...

As I said before, this section could go on for ages, so I am going to wrap it up here with a final mention; Cup Noodles!

I sampled cup noodles from convenience stores and supermarkets, from their own brands to popular ones that included restaurant chains. Cup Noodles are widely available, cheap and are bursting with flavour. It's a shame the same cannot be said for the UK's pathetic excuse for cup noodles...
I highly recommend grabbing a cup noodle on the occasional night to save money for more expensive nights out eating elsewhere, like that Kobe Restaurant, or the Shabushabu eatery down the street. They are nothing like the cup noodles you may know and are leagues ahead of what us westerners see as a "quick meal".

Go! Go! Gorilla Curry! is a chain of curry-houses, with its HQ stationed in Tokyo.


Final Thoughts

I loved every minute I spent in Japan, and look forward to going back!

Whether you're a casual Tourist, die-hard Anime fan, or a culture junkie, there is something for everyone in Japan. From surreal pop-culture, perfectly-preserved historical places, exquisite dining and even trails for backpackers. It doesn't matter what sort of traveller you are, Japan has you covered!

Everywhere I went it was colourful, inspiring and exciting; from the calm country to the chaotic city, the rolling mountains of Honshu to the crystal blue waters of Okinawa. My mind absorbed the culture like a sponge, fuelled my imagination with fresh new material that it so desperately needed, and left me feeling renewed and energised to pursue my dreams. It is so important to get out of your own culture and comfort zones now and again, experience something new and authentic, not only to expand your mind but also cleanse your soul.

Japan not only opened my mind to new ideas and outlooks on life, but it also comforted parts of my personality that the UK just does not accept; if you are quiet and non-confrontational in the UK you are just weird, but in Japan this side to me is perfectly acceptable. I'd say I felt right at home there, but there are a few downsides to staying in Japan for a long period of time as a foreigner, one obvious point is my Japanese language skills are not quite good enough for a full conversation!
Something to consider is that foreigners are a rarity in Japan, even in Tokyo you won't see many of them outside the tourist hot-spots like Tokyo Tower, the Edo Museum or Skytree. People in Tokyo and other major cities generally are accepting of foreigners, but you will notice people staring at you if you venture off the beaten track and into the rural countryside, or to towns and cities that don't usually attract much foreign tourism. The stares never felt hostile, just more-so out of curiosity as foreigners, as just mentioned, are a rarity.

Would I go back to Japan for a third time? Most certainly! I want to visit Hokkaido eventually, and to return to Okinawa during a more pleasant season with less rain, but I would still be happy just exploring Honshu. I have already experienced it with my sister, and on my own, but I hope to one day give the experience of Japan to my wider family, for I firmly believe that Japan is a place everyone should visit time and time again.